South Sudan president signs peace deal, but doubts implementation (dpa German Press Agency)

Juba (dpa) – South Sudanese President Salva Kiir on Wednesday signed
a peace deal already approved by rebel leader Riek Machar in an
attempt to end their 20-month military conflict, but cast doubt on
its implementation.

“I will sign the document, but I want you, the regional leaders, to
support us in implementing it, otherwise we may spoil it if left
alone,” Kiir was quoted as saying by Eye radio at the ceremony
attended by the leaders of Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia.

The report said Kiir had “reservations” about the deal, brokered by
the east African bloc Intergovernmental Authority on Development
(IGAD), which Machar signed in Addis Ababa on August 18.

“I know some might have reservations. You must look at peace,” said
Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta.

“The most important thing is to implement this agreement,” Ethiopian
Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said.

“This is not a just war, it is an unjust war, in the wrong place, at
the wrong time,” said Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni.

Kiir signed the pact six days after the United States circulated a
draft resolution at the UN Security Council that would have imposed
an arms embargo and additional sanctions on South Sudan unless a
ceasefire was signed.

The agreement foresees a transitional power-sharing and security
arrangement to end the fighting, which has killed tens of thousands
and displaced more than 2.2 million people.

The document also stipulates the framework for a permanent ceasefire,
humanitarian assistance and reconstruction as well as institutional
reforms.

A string of previous ceasefires has been unable to stop the fighting
that broke out when a power struggle between Kiir and Machar turned
violent mid-December 2013.

More than 1,6 million people have been internally displaced and more
than 600,000 have fled to neighbouring states, while about 200,000
have sought refuge in UN bases, according to the United Nations.
About 4.6 million people could face a famine.

UN humanitarian chief Stephen O’Brien told the UN Security Council on
Tuesday that horrendous human rights violations were reported in the
country, including “rampant killing, rape, abduction, looting, arson
and forced displacement” as well as burning people inside their
homes.

“There is evidence of deliberate ethnic targeting,” he said.