EU Increases Humanitarian Aid for Burundi Refugees (allAfrica.com)

The European Commission is releasing €4.5 million in humanitarian assistance to help the growing number of Burundian refugees in neighbouring countries, including Rwanda.

More than 175,000 people, the majority of them women and children, are estimated to have fled Burundi since April, citing intimidation, threats and fear of violence ahead of last week’s presidential election.

In a statement issued yesterday, the EU Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides, said the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Burundi cannot be overlooked.

“Refugee numbers have gone up in the last three months, which is a serious cause of concern… This additional EU humanitarian funding will help neighbouring countries accommodate refugees and meet their most urgent needs. It is a strong signal of the EU’s solidarity with the most vulnerable people caught in a difficult situation beyond their control,” said Stylianides.

He commended “the generous hospitality of the countries in the region who have welcomed their Burundian neighbours.”

Michael Ryan, the head of the EU Delegation in Rwanda, said: “I am proud to announce another release of EU humanitarian funding. The €4.5 million will go solely to assist in the Burundi refugee crisis. It is well needed, Rwanda has so far welcomed more than 71 ,000 refugees. The EU is committed to continue its support of Rwanda and the neighbouring countries in this crisis.”

The increase in funding brings the total humanitarian aid for the Great Lakes region for 2015 to €56.5 million.

The aid released for Burundi refugees since the end of April when their numbers started growing amounts to about €9 million.

Certain refugee camps have become overpopulated and health risks have increased.

There has been a continuing inflow of Burundian refugees in Rwanda, Tanzania, the DR Congo and Uganda since April.

Tanzania is so far the main hosting country, with nearly 80,000 Burundian refugees, followed by Rwanda (71,158), the DR Congo (13,368), and Uganda (11,165).

The most urgent humanitarian needs to address are shelter, water and sanitation, as well as health services to stop a possible surge of diseases, especially epidemics, notably cholera.

Overpopulation of certain refugee camps is also a major concern as the rainy season looms.

Mbabazi to Stand As an Independent (allAfrica.com)

Former Prime Minister, Amama Mbabazi, has announced that he will be contesting as an Independent candidate in the 2016 Presidential elections. “I have decided that I will not stand in NRM as a flag-bearer but I will carry on with my i…

From Dreams to Demons [analysis] (allAfrica.com)

Once upon a time, Uganda Cement Industry (UCI) in eastern Uganda was a dream employer. The factory, like the country, had just been wrestled from the hands of colonialists. Working at this factory was a privilege. Every morning in the…

Reforms and Reforms: Is there any that works for Africa? (Daily Monitor (Uganda))


Many African Countries have implemented several development theories and approaches that include modernization, colonization, nationalism, structural adjustment programs etc.
Of late many countries in Africa have undertaken public sector reforms often following the NPM principles. Those related to NPM could be classified as (a) reforms in the organizational set up and structures, including decentralization of political and administrative powers to the local government (b) market reforms whereby the state is rapidly engaging in business with the private sector but retains the responsibility for overall provision and (c) reforms in the management strategy that involve capacity building, contracting human resources, reducing employees numbers and decompressing wages, and performance management and measurement. However, it has been argued that the dominance of NPM has declined or dead for that matter (Dunleavy).

The 1980s have been viewed as a ‘lost decade’ for Africa. As a consequence, NPM is being replaced by new value laden paradigms such as those focusing on whole government issues, Neo-Weberian state reforms aimed at reaffirming the role of the state, collaborative governance such as PPPs and the good governance ideas where governments improve themselves, become reliable, accountable and responsive to solving societal problems and protecting the citizens.

Public Sector Reforms in Uganda are a norm and they have been necessitated by natural disasters, military defeats, civil disturbances, and many times motivated by economic crisis.
Increasingly however, reforms have been a result of power politics in action because they contain ideological rationalizations, fights for control of areas, services and people, participants, power drives, campaign strategies, obstructive tactics, compromises and concessions.

Public Sector Reforms usually take place when ‘a significant discrepancy exists between what it is doing and what it “ought” to be doing exists. Again it has been found that much of the public sector reforms activities have been supported by donors over the past 20 years in the following areas:

(i) Administrative capacity building (organizational restructuring and renewal, strengthening of linkages between government agencies, improving the quality of human resources through training and recruitment, addressing management problems related to employee performance management)
(ii) Strengthening policy capacity (rationalizing and standardizing the decision-making process and improving the flow of policy-relevant information)
(iii) Institutional reform (support for civil service codes of conduct and strengthened safeguards concerning public procurement strengthening institutions and procedures that act as an accountability check on the executive, and rules related to public access to information) and
(iv) Civil service downsizing (workforce size reductions, compensation schemes, and wage policy reforms).

We see reforms being implemented in: security, education, economy, health, agriculture, public service and other sectors. The key reforms witnessed include:
downsizing retrenchments, mergers and recruitment freezes, eliminating ghost workers and decompressing wages and trying to use savings on recruitment to pay higher salaries to higher level managers with key skills
Constitutional reform was designed to democratize the national political system. The reforms aimed at redefining the role of government, rationalize and streamline Government structures, eliminate redundant staff, restructure management systems and incentive structures for improved performance in public service delivery.
Decentralization was designed to increase the powers of democratic participation of local authorities and their empowerment for self-determination
Liberalization and privatization was designed to reduce state control over the economy within the macroeconomic stabilization, adjustment framework and market-led competition

Within the health sector, for instance in Uganda there has been outsourcing items such as cleaning, laundry, catering, security, and maintenance. Did this improve health conditions of the population where we still see population outcries of poor health service delivery? There has been the urge to reduce civil servants with claims that the huge numbers are costly and not effective and actually by the mid-1990s sub-Saharan Africa had the lowest ratio of civil servants to population of any group in the world. Is this the good thing to do? Even todate Africa is still reforming and indeed the Public Service (1997-2002) is indicative of the identification of the short falls of the earlier reforms.

The effects of these reforms are yet to be fully understood and appreciated in relation to the performance of the Public Service and accountability to the citizens. The questions are which paradigm should guide public sector reforms and under what conditions? What realities trigger a given reform? These questions are relevant given the complexity of the African continent, traditions, culture and political economy.

The international conference on governance and service delivery in developing economies provides an opportunity to answer some of these questions. The public Sector Reform theme give you space to discuss issues of managerialism and public administration local governance and development, public finance management, CSOs role in local governance, human resources development, managing cross-boder human resources, multiple public service modalities, public manger, public interests Vs mercerization of economics, local economic development, procurement management and network governance and role of the private sector

Come and discuss what works for Africa
Dr. Maria Barifaijo Kaguhangire
Senior lecturer, School of Management Sciences
Uganda Management Institute

Museveni overstay bad for Uganda – Matembe (Daily Monitor (Uganda))


BUSHENYI- Former Ethics minister Miria Matembe has accused President Museveni of personalising power, describing the move as a recipe for disaster.

Ms Matembe said the 30 years of Mr Museveni’s rule have been characterised by intimidation and harassment of Ugandans.

“I have seen all these happen all over the years. What has characterised us is corruption and greed. The current system is self-centered and biased with patronage and vote-rigging. All these cannot take us anywhere,” said Ms Matembe.

She was speaking as chief guest at the launch of the Women’s Manifesto at a function organised by Centre for Women in Governance in Bushenyi Town on Tuesday.

Ms Matembe added that Ugandans want to see a people-centered leadership characterised by transparency.

“MPs have been given huge sums of money for useless projects such as sole candidature. Museveni is ruling us using these young children like Anite (Evelyn, Youth minister) who pushed for sole candidature. As long as there is no change, we shall keep suffering,” Ms Matembe said.
“Museveni should handover power peacefully to another person, or else he will be digging a hole for himself.”

When contacted, Ms Linda Nabusayi, the Presidential Press Secretary, said: “What Matembe is saying is not surprising. She has been saying that ever since she was sacked from government. It is personal hate against the President,” Ms Nabusayi said.

“There are systems of how to change a leader. What has she done as a leader? She should focus on that instead of attacking the President,” she added.

editorial@ug.nationmedia.com

More airlines may exit – player (Daily Monitor (Uganda))


Kampala- Uganda’s aviation industry could see more exits, given reducing returns on investment, according to Mr Abebe Angessa, the Ethiopian Airlines area manager.

The warning comes at the wake of a British Airways’ notice, announcing it will be exiting Uganda later this year with its final flight out of the country on October 2.

Speaking to Daily Monitor in an interview early this week, Mr Angessa said the reasons that forced out Air Uganda and British Airways were not unique to the two airlines but an industry problem.
The airline industry, according to Mr Angessa, is highly capital intensive but low on returns on investment.

“It takes strong grip, constant watch on cost and firm decisions on how to achieve savings. This is always not easy. It takes purpose and focus to achieve, adding, “our margins are really small and this is a challenge that we have to deal with all the time.”

Uganda has about 15 airlines operating out of Entebbe International Airport.
Recently, Civil Aviation Authority suspended all operations for locally licenced companies on claims of failure to meet required international standards.

Increasing competition
The aviation industry, Mr Angessa said, has become too competitive, amid dropping global passenger numbers worsened by increasing incidences and accidents and a volatile economic environment.

In an interview early last week, Mr Benedict Mutyaba, the former Uganda Airlines managing director and proprietor of East African Airlines, said the challenges that had informed British Airways’ exit could befall any other company, given a volatile airline industry and the shift of Uganda’s fortunes to the East.

Ugandans have in the last decade shifted focus from the West, moving to China, India and United Arab Emirates, among others, as the key trade destinations.

However, data indicates Uganda continues to maintain strong trade relations with the West, especially the United Kingdom.

For instance, according to Uganda Tourism Board, more than 43,000 people from the United Kingdom visited Uganda in 2014 compared to 33,670 who visited from other countries outside Africa.
Mr Angessa said it was normal to exit the aviation industry, especially, “when things are not going your way”.

“In this business (aviation industry) exiting is not a game changer because others will fill that space,” he said.

On the future of the industry, Mr Angessa predicted good fortunes ” As Africa continues to grow and develop, considering that the aviation industry responds directly to the economic growth and development of the country in particular and the continent in general is experiencing”.

iladu@ug.nationmedia.com

Act Alliance Full Appeal – Congolese Refugee Influx in Uganda

Dear Colleagues,
The recent escalation of conflict in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo has resulted in a renewed influx of Congolese refugees in Uganda. A new wave of attacks by the suspected Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) and Mai Mai that hit t…